People have died from tobacco-related diseases since the opening of the first FCTC working group on 28 October 1999.
The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control includes a Preamble and 38 articles.
Notably, the Preamble emphasizes the "special contribution of nongovernmental organizations and other members of civil society not affiliated with the tobacco industry ... and the vital importance of their participation in national and international tobacco control efforts".
The core demand reduction provisions in the WHO FCTC are contained in articles 6-14:
Price and tax measures to reduce the demand for tobacco, and
Non-price measures to reduce the demand for tobacco, namely:
- Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke;
- Regulation of the contents of tobacco products;
- Regulation of tobacco product disclosures;
- Packaging and labelling of tobacco products;
- Education, communication, training and public awareness;
- Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and
- Demand reduction measures concerning tobacco dependence and cessation.
The core supply reduction provisions in the WHO FCTC are contained in articles 15-17:
- Illicit trade in tobacco products;
- Sales to and by minors; and,
- Provision of support for economically viable alternative activities.