People have died from tobacco-related diseases since the opening of the first FCTC working group on 28 October 1999.
Tobacco use is the number one cause of preventable death globally and the one risk factor common to the major non-communicable diseases (NCDs)–cancer, cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. Annually, NCDs kill 30 million people in developing countries. Yet until very recently, tobacco control and FCTC implementation were not high on the international development agenda.
FCA’s campaign aims to change this!
In 2011, UN member states unanimously recognized that NCDs were one of the major impediments to development in the 21st century. They also called for accelerated implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) to turn the tide on the tobacco and NCD epidemics.
FCA is working to ensure that tobacco control is included in the global development agenda, which will incorporate the unfinished Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and include new goals in 2015.
We will continue stressing the important role of tobacco control and FCTC implementation within relevant discussions, such as at the World Health Assembly, WHO Regional Committee meetings and the UN General Assembly.
Global-level advocacy opportunities
With less than two years until the MDGs expire, the international community is already considering what to include in post-2015 development goals. Consultations have been held worldwide and some priorities proposed. FCA provided input to these recommendations and we plan to further engage in the following global processes:
United Nations General Assembly:
The focus of the 68th session of the UN General Assembly is the post-2015 development agenda. One of the most important events took place in September 2013.
UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals
The Sustainable Development Goals will address sustainable development and poverty eradication. To develop a list of possible SDGs, the UN established an Open Working Group (OWG). The OWG is expected to meet 8 times in 2013 and 2014, and to make recommendations by September 2014.
Getting FCA's messages across at the country level is as important as advocating at UN headquarters. We have been encouraging FCA members, and others, to send letters to their tobacco control focal point/minister of health, encouraging them to make efforts to get tobacco control on the post-2015 development agenda.
A template letter is provided here.
Global NCDs agenda
Global work on NCDs has increased since the UN Summit in 2011 and the momentum is growing. In particular:
• a global NCDs monitoring framework was introduced,
• the Global NCD Action Plan for 2013-2020 was endorsed
More remains to be done, including completion of a NCDs Global Coordination Mechanism (GCM).
By the end of 2013, the UN Secretary General will report on progress in achieving the commitments to tackling NCDs made in 2011. In 2014, a comprehensive review of progress should take place at the UN General Assembly.
UN task force on NCDs
The UN Interagency Task Force on the Prevention and Control of NCDs was established in 2013 to coordinate UN agencies’ work on NCDs. It is meant to build on the work carried out by the UN Ad Hoc Interagency Task Force on Tobacco Control.
Key Documents, and FCA's comments
- Report of the High-level Panel on NCDs
- Report on UN Sustainable Development Goals
- UN Global Compact Report - engaging business in sustainable development
Numerous events are taking place between now and 2015 that will impact the post-2015 development agenda. The main events are outlined in timelines by the UN Foundation and by Sustainable Development 2015. For a timeline focused on NCD-related events, click here.