The Framework Convention Alliance for Tobacco Control

Media Releases

Nations meet to give strength to global treaty to combat illicit tobacco trade

GENEVA, SWITZERLAND – On October 20, government representatives will meet to negotiate a protocol which recognizes the serious threat posed to public health by the illicit trade in tobacco products – primarily through the undermining of tax policy – and the cross-border nature of illicit trade, which means that no state can effectively address the problem on its own.

INB-2 Media briefing Technology and Illicit Trade

Illicit trade in tobacco products poses a pervasive and ever-changing global problem. The smuggling and counterfeiting of hundreds of billions of cigarettes each year seriously harms public health, erodes government treasuries, and threatens public safety and security by supporting organized crime and terrorist networks.

Download the full media briefing PDF English [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 81.69 KB, Spanish [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 370.87 KB], Chinese [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 324.96 KB], French [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 85.64 KB], Arabic [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 153.63 KB, Russian [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 763.4 KB].

Africa needs tougher tobacco regulations

African tobacco control advocates are calling for tough tobacco regulations as the tobacco epidemic sweeps rapidly through Africa.

The Way Forward

Resolution from the RegionalWorkshop on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, New Delhi, India, 15-16September 2008

Illicit trade in tobacco causes loss of government revenue and increases health problems

Solution: control the tobacco supply chain

For many countries tobacco smuggling causes huge revenue losses and increased health problems but it can be tackled by controlling the supply chain, a new paper has found.

FCA coordinator receives Judy Wilkenfeld award

Judy WilkenfeldA Framework Convention Alliance regional coordinator has received an award for leadership in the fight against tobacco use in Latin America and globally. 

Laura Salgado, the Alliance’s first Latin American regional coordinator, received the first annual Judy Wilkenfeld Award for International Tobacco Control Excellence at the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids annual awards gala in Washington DC.

New website brings FCA’s vision one step closer

The Framework Convention Alliance’s vision for a world free from death and disease caused by tobacco took one step closer to being realized today with the launch of the Alliance's new website.

The website consolidates all of the Alliance’s information that relates to the World Health Organization’s international treaty – the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). 

First Global Public Health Treaty to Take Effect

First Modern-day Global Public Health Treaty to Take Effect
Despite Years of Intense Industry Lobbying, Tobacco Treaty Becomes International Law Sunday, 27 February

Once Again Out of Step with International Community, US Has Not Ratified Landmark Agreement

GENEVA—Only 11 days after the Kyoto Protocol’s entry into force, the groundbreaking global tobacco treaty known as the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) will take effect on 27 February 2005. The treaty will change the way giant tobacco corporations operate around the world and set an international precedent for prioritizing public health over commercial interests. As the global community takes significant steps to protect people’s lives, public interest organizations are urging countries that have not yet ratified, including the US, to do so. To date, fifty-seven countries have ratified the global tobacco treaty. Many more ratifications are expected in coming months.

“This treaty will save millions of lives,” says Kathryn Mulvey, Executive Director of Corporate Accountability International (formerly Infact). “It demonstrates that working together, the nations of the world can protect people from irresponsible and dangerous corporate practices. Attempts by Philip Morris/Altria, British American Tobacco (BAT) and Japan Tobacco International (JTI) to prevent an effective treaty from entering into force have proved futile,” she adds.

While the Bush Administration signed the FCTC in May 2004, the US is notably absent from the list of countries that have ratified the treaty. Throughout the FCTC negotiating process, the US government consistently took positions that would dilute the treaty at the expense of people’s lives around the world. The US has a long history of signing but not ratifying international humanitarian agreements, such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

“February 2005 is a landmark month for international cooperation on critical issues of protecting people and our natural resources, and the US is missing the boat. As both the global tobacco treaty and the Kyoto Protocol take effect with the US on the sidelines, we are calling on our government to join with the global community in prioritizing people’s lives over the profits of giant corporations,” says Mulvey.

Throughout the negotiations, countries of Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and the Pacific and Caribbean Islands united to make the treaty a reality. The FCTC, initiated by the World Health Organization, bans tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and protects public health policy from tobacco industry interference. It also sets precedents for international regulation of other industries that threaten health, the environment and human rights.

“This is a historic moment in the movement challenging irresponsible and dangerous corporate actions around the world. Now that this global treaty has become international law, it is no longer business as usual for Big Tobacco. With millions of lives at stake, we urge countries that have not yet ratified to do so without delay, particularly those that took the lead during treaty negotiations,” says Akinbode Oluwafemi of Environmental Rights Action, Nigeria.

Throughout the treaty process, the Network for Accountability of Tobacco Transnationals (NATT) and other NGOs encouraged, prodded and pressured countries to stand firm in the face of Big Tobacco’s enormous political and economic clout. Relying on organizing techniques including International Weeks of Resistance to Tobacco Transnationals, Marlboro Man Awards, and the release of a number of reports, NATT has played a key role in exposing and challenging the attempts of giant tobacco corporations and their political allies in wealthy countries to derail the FCTC. As the treaty takes effect, NATT will continue to watchdog the tobacco industry’s interference and support countries in ratifying and implementing the treaty.

Tobacco corporations like Philip Morris/Altria, BAT and JTI continue to use dirty tricks to try to derail the treaty. The Consumer Information Network, a NATT member in Kenya, recently helped expose BAT’s sponsorship of a beach holiday for members of Parliament. BAT lobbied the parliamentarians to water down key provisions of the Tobacco Control Bill currently under consideration in Kenya, which has ratified the FCTC. Countries like Kenya and must be vigilant in protecting their health policies from tobacco industry interference, in accordance with the treaty’s obligations.

The 57 countries that have ratified the FCTC are: Armenia, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Cook Islands, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Madagascar, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Peru, Qatar, San Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Uruguay and Viet Nam.


Historic Tobacco Treaty Becomes International Law; U.S. Left on the Sidelines Because of Failure to

WASHINGTON, DC - The world will witness public health history on February 27 when the global tobacco control treaty, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, becomes international law. The treaty represents the strongest, most coordinated action the world's nations have ever taken against tobacco use and its devastating health and economic consequences. Unfortunately, the United States is on the sidelines because the President has yet to submit the tobacco treaty to the Senate for ratification. We urge our government to join the growing number of countries that have ratified the treaty and support its effective implementation both here and abroad.

It is in both the United States' interest and the world's interest that our nation be a leader in this important initiative. It sends the wrong message to the rest of the world if the wealthiest and most powerful nation fails to lead in addressing a global epidemic that kills almost five million people every year. Unless effective action is taken, tobacco's toll will rise to 10 million deaths a year by 2030, with 70 percent of those deaths in developing nations. This is a global catastrophe that our own government simply cannot ignore.

The United States has always been the world's scientific leader in developing public health measures that reduce tobacco use. The tobacco treaty now enshrines as international law many of the solutions our own science has identified. It commits nations to ban all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (with an exception for nations with constitutional constraints); require large, graphic health warnings on cigarette packs; implement measures to protect non-smokers from secondhand smoke; increase the price of tobacco products; and regulate the content of tobacco products. Nonetheless, today the U.S. is no longer in the forefront. Renewed U.S. leadership is essential to advancing and implementing the science on how best to reduce tobacco use.

The U.S. also has a special obligation to provide global leadership in reducing tobacco use because we are home to Philip Morris, the world's largest multinational tobacco company and the leading exporter of the deadly products that are the cause of the tobacco epidemic. Too often in the past, our government has sided with the tobacco companies when they challenged other nation's tobacco ontrol measures as violations of trade agreements. Tobacco companies are making such threats again, presenting a significant challenge to effective implementation of the tobacco treaty. U.S. ratification of the treaty would send a strong message to the rest of the world that we will not support these efforts and instead put protection of public health ahead of tobacco industry interests.

Finally, unless the U.S. ratifies the treaty, it will not have a seat at the table in determining how it is implemented and enforced and in negotiating side agreements on issues such as cigarette smuggling that are of importance to the U.S. The U.S. should join the 57 countries that have already ratified the treaty and again become in global leader in reducing tobacco use and its devastating consequences.


The Sri Lanka National Federation on Smoking or Health Applaudes Sri Lanka for Ratifying Tobacco Treaty

On February 27, 2005 the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the international tobacco treaty negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organisation, will become international law. The Sri Lanka National Federation on Smoking or Health applauds the first forty countries that ratified the Treaty and the 17 other countries that ratified since. The treaty is a major step forward in the global battle against death and disease caused by the tobacco epidemic, the second major cause of death in the world. It provides the basic tools for countries to enact comprehensive tobacco control legislation and take on the powerful tobacco industry.

The entry into force of the FCTC marks a historic moment for global public health. This groundbreaking, legally binding treaty provides countries basic tools to protect the health of their citizens from the tobacco industry’s deceptions and slick marketing. It requires ratifying nations to adopt policies proven to reduce smoking and save lives such as: a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and large, graphic health warning labels that cover at least 30 percent of cigarette packs. The treaty also provides nations with a roadmap for enacting strong, science-based policies in other areas, including protection from second-hand smoke, increased tobacco taxation, and measures to combat cigarette smuggling.

The annual premature death toll because of tobacco smoking is around 22,000 in Sri Lanka. The productivity loss to the country far exceeds the income derived from tobacco. Many studies show that there is a net economic loss to the country. Hence we congratulate Sri Lanka for ratifying the treaty, the first in Asia, and look forward to working with the government to ensure that the treaty is fully implemented. Ratification and implementation of the treaty are critical to protecting our citizens and our country from the devastating health and economic impacts of tobacco.

Globally, The World Health Organisation estimates that approximately five million people die each year from tobacco use. If current trends continue, this figure will reach 10 million per year by 2030, with 70 percent of those deaths occurring in developing countries. While the measures in the FCTC represent a minimum set of tobacco control policies, the treaty explicitly encourages countries to go above and beyond these measures. Strong action on the part of countries will give them the opportunity to reduce the human suffering caused by tobacco and curb runaway costs of tobacco-related health care.

Olcott Gunasekera
Sri Lanka National Federation on Smoking or Health
24 February 2005

Global Tobacco Treaty Becomes Law - Cancer Society Urges Immediate Action

The global treaty on tobacco control, known as the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) will enter into force on Sunday 27th February 2005 becoming binding international law for countries, such as New Zealand, that are Parties to it. On this day New Zealand will become legally bound to implement the provisions in the Treaty.

Some of the key obligations under the treaty which New Zealand does not currently meet are:

  • the introduction of large (over 50%) health warnings with pictures; and
  • the banning of misleading descriptors such as ‘light’, ‘low tar’ and ‘mild’.

Whilst Parties have three years in which to implement these obligations, the Cancer Society does not see that this delay is necessary for countries such as New Zealand.

“The timeframe was meant to assist developing countries with limited resources to implement the obligations, there is no reason for New Zealand to take such a long time. Pictorial health warnings have already been adopted in countries as diverse as Canada, Brazil, Thailand and Singapore. New Zealand needs to reclaim its role as a global leader in tobacco control” said Belinda Hughes, Tobacco Control Advisor to the Cancer Society.”

The treaty also strongly advises countries to take actions including:

  • prohibiting duty free sales of tobacco products;
  • increasing taxation on tobacco products to reduce consumption; and
  • adopting measures to regulate the production and distribution of tobacco products such as licensing of tobacco retailers.

The Cancer Society strongly supports these measures which have already been successfully implemented overseas and urges the New Zealand government to implement them as soon as possible.

For further information or to arrange an interview please contact

Ms. Belinda Hughes
Tobacco Control Policy Advisor
(04) 494 7274 or 027 276 7922.


Entrée en vigueur de la Convention-cadre pour la lutte antitabac

OTTAWA, le 25 fév. /CNW Telbec/ - Le ministre de la Santé Ujjal Dosanjh a annoncé aujourd'hui l'entrée en vigueur de la Convention-cadre pour la lutte antitabac (CCLAT), le tout premier traité international de santé publique. Il a souligné que le Canada continuerait de jouer un rôle de chef de file dans sa mise en oeuvre.

"Je suis très fier de dire que les lois et les règlements solides du Canada sont reconnus et respectés partout dans le monde et qu'en fait, bon nombre d'articles de la Convention s'en inspirent, a déclaré le ministre Dosanjh. Nous perpétuerons cette tradition en poursuivant les efforts déployés aux quatre coins de la planète pour mettre en oeuvre et gérer la Convention."

La CCLAT, qui entre en vigueur le 27 février, vise à protéger les générations d'aujourd'hui et de demain contre les conséquences sanitaires, sociales, environnementales et économiques du tabagisme et de l'exposition à la fumée secondaire en renforçant les initiatives de lutte contre le tabagisme à l'échelle mondiale.

Le 26 novembre 2004, le Canada à ratifier la Convention. Pour qu'elle puisse entrer en vigueur, 40 pays devaient la ratifier, et le Canada est fier de compter parmi ces 40 pays.

La CCLAT rejoint et promet de faire progresser les efforts accomplis au pays dans le cadre de la Stratégie fédérale de lutte contre le tabagisme. La Stratégie combine des initiatives de lutte antitabac réparties en quatre volets : protection, prévention, abandon et réduction des méfaits. Des campagnes médiatiques viennent appuyer les objectifs de la Stratégie.

Le tabagisme est la principale cause mondiale de maladies évitables, d'incapacités et de décès prématurés. Chaque année, 4,9 millions d'habitants de la planète, dont 45 000 Canadiens, meurent d'une maladie attribuable au tabac.

Also available in English

Convention-cadre pour la lutte antitabac (CCLAT)

La Convention-cadre pour la lutte antitabac (CCLAT) est un traité international de santé publique sous l'égide de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS). Son objectif est de protéger les générations actuelles et futures des conséquences sanitaires, sociales, environnementales et économiques du tabagisme et de l'exposition à la fumée secondaire grâce à des mesures collectives internationales de lutte antitabac.

L'Assemblée mondiale de la Santé a adopté la Convention le 21 mai 2003 et l'a ouverte aux signatures le 16 juin 2003. Le 15 juillet 2003, le Canada signait la Convention. Les Etats qui signent et ratifient la Convention devront instituer de vastes stratégies et programmes de lutte antitabac, y compris exécuter leurs engagements et obligations dans des domaines tels que la publicité, la commandite et la promotion du tabac, les mises en garde sur les emballages de produits du tabac, le commerce illicite, la réglementation des produits et les programmes de prévention et de renoncement.

Le Canada a ratifié la Convention le 26 novembre 2004. Quarante pays devaient ratifier la Convention afin qu'elle puisse entrer en vigueur, et le Canada est fier d'être parmi les 40 premiers à l'avoir fait. Les pays qui ont ratifié le traité, y compris le Canada, prendront part à la Conférence des parties, l'organisme qui gérera la CCLAT. La Convention entre en vigueur le 27 février 2005.

Points saillants de la CCLAT:

  • obligation d'afficher une mise en garde couvrant au moins 30 %, et idéalement 50 %, de la surface principale d'affichage de l'emballage du produit du tabac;
  • interdiction complète de la publicité, de la promotion et de la commandite;
  • protection contre l'exposition à la fumée secondaire dans les lieux de travail et les lieux publics intérieurs, les transports en commun et d'autres endroits publics au besoin;
  • admission que les mesures financières et fiscales sont un moyen efficace de réduire la consommation;
  • dispositions relatives à des programmes d'éducation, de sensibilisation, de sevrage et de traitement, et une série de mesures pour prévenir et combattre le commerce illicite du tabac.

Rôle du Canada

Le Canada est l'un des principaux partisans de la CCLAT. Il faisait partie des quelque 150 pays membres de l'OMS qui ont participé aux trois années de négociations de la Convention. Santé Canada et les Affaires étrangères dirigeaient la délégation canadienne qui était composée de représentants des ministères de la Justice, du Solliciteur général et des Finances, de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada, des gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux et des organisations non gouvernementales.

Sur la scène internationale, le Canada continue de soutenir et d'appuyer les activités antitabac des pays en développement et le travail des organisations internationales, notamment l'OMS et l'Organisation panaméricaine de la Santé.

Hyperliens utiles

Etat de la Convention-cadre de l'OMS pour la lutte antitabac

Renseignements sur la CCLAT (en anglais seulement)

Vous voulez plus de renseignements? Consultez le site Web de la lutte contre le tabagisme de Santé Canada


aux médias: Paul Duchesne, Santé Canada, (613) 954-4807;
Adèle Blanchard, Cabinet du ministre de la Santé, (613) 957-0200;

La Convention Cadre pour la Lutte Antitabac de l’OMS, le premier traité international de santé au monde, entre en vigueur le 27 février 2005.

L’Alliance Contre le Tabac félicite la France d’avoir ratifié ce traité pour lutter contre la première cause de mortalité évitable : le tabac 
Le traité, signé par 168 pays, devient applicable le 27 février aux 2,3 milliards d’habitants des 57 pays qui l’ont ratifié, dont la France. La CCLAT représente un outil nécessaire pour la mise en œuvre d’une législation efficace pour le contrôle du tabac et pour atténuer les méfaits d’une puissante industrie du tabac à l’origine de la pire épidémie de l’histoire de l’humanité : 5 millions de décès chaque année dans le monde dont 66000 fumeurs français auxquels il faut ajouter 3000 non-fumeurs victimes de tabagisme passif.

Ce traité comprend de nombreuses mesures dont l’interdiction totale de toute forme de publicité directe et indirecte pour le tabac et les avertissements sanitaires recouvrant au moins 30% des surfaces principales des paquets de cigarettes, mesures déjà en place en France et qui trouvent ici la confirmation internationale de leur utilité. Ce traité fournit aussi aux pays des indications claires concernant la taxation, la réglementation des produits du tabac et les mesures pour combattre la contrebande de cigarettes. Il comporte l’obligation de protéger les non-fumeurs et la situation française est en ce domaine des plus mauvaises malgré la loi Evin publiée il y a 14 ans, non seulement mal appliquée mais aujourd’hui dépassée.

En tant que citoyens français, nous sommes heureux et fiers que notre pays ait été le premier dans l’Union européenne, à ratifier ce traité important, le premier concernant la santé publique. Nous sommes prêts à travailler avec notre gouvernement pour l’appliquer pleinement.

La CCLAT devenant une loi internationale est un événement historique. Ce traité s’impose légalement et crée un précédent mondial pour une coopération dans le domaine de la santé en général et contre le tabac en particulier.

Une politique de lutte contre le tabac fondée sur la dynamique du Plan cancer et des recommandations internationales accompagnées de mesures réglementaires et fiscales a permis d’obtenir des résultats très encourageants depuis 2003. Le pourcentage de fumeurs a chuté de 34,5%[2] en 1999 à 27,8%[3] en octobre 2004 chez les 15 ans et plus. Une baisse de 25% du volume de ventes de cigarettes est encore observée sur les 9 premiers mois de l’année 2004. Il faut cependant rester vigilant car l’évolution du tabagisme chez les femmes et chez les jeunes fait craindre en France une catastrophe sanitaire en terme de mortalité par cancer du poumon.

La France doit donc renforcer les mesures de contrôle du tabac, reprendre une pression sur les prix du tabac et surtout protéger complètement les non-fumeurs de la fumée des autres.

Nous félicitons les gouvernements - dont celui de la France - qui ont ratifié la CCLAT, démontrant ainsi leur engagement envers la santépublique.

Alliance Française Contre le Tabac

Pr Gérard Dubois

Pr Bertrand Dautzenberg

Pr Albert Hirsch

M. Gérard Audureau
Secrétaire Général

Contacts :
Pr Gérard Dubois,
Président de l’Alliance contre le tabac
Mobile : 06 86 46 93 79

Yana Dimitrova
Tél. : 01 43 37 91 51

[1] L’Alliance contre le tabac réunit plus de trente associations concernées par la lutte contre le tabac.

[2] Baromètre Santé 2000 – INPES

[3] Sondage Alliance Contre le Tabac- TNS Sofres, octobre 2004


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