The Framework Convention Alliance for Tobacco Control

Media Releases

Formula One "Blackmailers" threaten global tobacco treaty

As teams prepare for the Italian Grand prix at Monza this weekend, new evidence has emerged to show that Formula One is still trying to press Governments around the world to allow tobacco sponsorship of motor racing to continue. Formula One is the world's biggest sporting receiver of tobacco money and has fought hard to undermine the global treaty on tobacco control [1], which requires countries to act to ban tobacco advertising and sponsorship.

Signing of convention highlights Australias global leadership in tobacco control

Federal Parliamentary Secretary for Health, Trish Worth, today confirmed that the Australian Government intends to sign the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control as soon as possible.

The Convention was unanimously agreed by the World Health Assembly in May 2003, but it is up to individual countries to decide on their response. Ms Worth said the way is now clear for Australia to join the 47 countries that have already signed the historic Convention. Australia could sign as early as October.

"The Convention is an historic milestone because it is the first time all the world's nations have got together to develop an agreement on such a pressing public health issue," Ms Worth said.

"Australia was a major player in the negotiations and we worked hard to achieve a robust Convention that will lead to good tobacco policies across the globe.

"It is very encouraging that Australia will now be able to join those countries that have already signed."

Ms Worth said Australia already has comprehensive health policies on tobacco, including bans on advertising and requirements for health warnings on tobacco products. The Government is making excellent progress in reviewing these policies to ensure that they are up to date and help protect young Australians in particular from the dangers of smoking.

The World Health Organization estimates that, if left unchecked, tobacco will kill 10 million people worldwide by 2030 and sees the Convention as a major weapon in its counterattack.

"Australia is a world leader in tobacco control but no one can afford to be complacent. The Convention will encourage other countries to develop the kinds of policies that have worked well for us here," Ms Worth said.

"At the same time we know that 3.6 million Australians still smoke and we need to keep working on ways to get that number down and make sure our young people don't start."

Media contact: Mark Williams, Ms Worth's Office - 0401 147 558


Operationalize the FCTC nationally - FCA statement

Statement of Mary Assunta, Chair, Framework Convention Alliance

Civil society has fought hard and long for this historic day when the WHO FCTC becomes international law. The Framework Convention Alliance is pleased that the countdown to implement stringent tobacco control measures outlined in the treaty is on.

The FCA celebrates this entry into force with the governments who have ratified the treaty and have prevailed against the lobby from the tobacco industry, particularly the transnational tobacco companies, who sought to derail it.

The biggest beneficiaries of the FCTC are the many low income and developing countries from the Asia-Pacific, Africa, and Latin America who form the bulk of the 57 nations who ratified the treaty. They seized the opportunity to ratify early and are now positioned to address the tobacco pandemic confronting them.

The FCA urges governments who have signed but not ratified the treaty to do so urgently so that they are not left behind. The days of talking are over. It is time for action and to apply political will to operationalize the treaty nationally.

This international law is a powerful tool to dismiss dubious self-regulation and guidelines of the transnational tobacco companies which for many years served to facilitate double standards in many countries. However the FCA warns governments that the devil is in the details.

Governments should elect to see this international law as the minimum standards. This means pass legislations comprehensively banning all forms of advertising and sponsorship activities by tobacco companies, applying graphic and specific health warnings on 50% of packs and banning smoking in all public and work places. This has to be done without delay the passing of legislation and without any compromise with the tobacco industry.

A new sense of vigilance is required as the tobacco industry has been reinventing itself through corporate social responsibility, making donations to the Tsunami disaster, converting its mass advertising to interpersonal communications and communicating via new electronic technologies.

The FCA is ready to assist governments and provide information on the treaty. For further information contact the FCA at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone + 1 202 352 32 84 + 1 202 659 43 10


International Coalition of NGOs Applauds the 57 Countries that have Ratified the WHO FCTC

Global Tobacco Treaty to Take Effect on February 27th

International Coalition of NGOs Applauds the 57 Countries that have Ratified the WHO FCTC

On February 27, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the international tobacco treaty negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization, will become international law. The FCA applauds the more than 55 countries that have taken a major step forward against the tobacco epidemic, the second major cause of death in the world by ratifying this important treaty. “The treaty is a major step forward in the worldwide battle against the death and disease caused by tobacco. It provides the basic tools for countries to enact comprehensive tobacco control legislation and take on the powerful tobacco industry,” said Mary Asunta, Chair of the FCA.

The FCA urges countries that have not ratified the treaty to do so as soon as possible. Ratification and implementation of the treaty are critical to protecting citizens of the world from the devastating health and economic impacts of tobacco.

The entry into force of the FCTC marks a historic moment for global public health. This groundbreaking, legally binding treaty provides countries basic tools to protect the health of their citizens from the tobacco industry’s deceptions and slick marketing. It requires ratifying nations to adopt policies proven to reduce smoking and save lives such as a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and large, graphic health warning labels that cover at least 30 percent of cigarette packs. The treaty also provides nations with a roadmap for enacting strong, science-based policies in other areas, including protection from secondhand smoke, increased tobacco taxation and measures to combat cigarette smuggling.

This first international public health treaty would not have been achievable without the involvement of civil society. The FCA, an international coalition of Non Governmental organizations in favor a strong and efficient FCTC, is proud of the work done by its more than 200 organizations from around the world in support of this important international health treaty. For a list of members visit the FCA website .

According to the World Health Organization, tobacco-related illnesses kill an estimated 4.9 million people per year worldwide. Unless trends are reversed, the worldwide toll is expected to double in a generation, with 70 percent of those deaths occurring in developing countries.

Once the FCTC comes into force, parties will meet periodically to monitor enforcement, exchange experiences and ideas, and negotiate protocols. Likely protocols include smuggling and cross-border advertising.

While the measures in the FCTC represent a minimum set of tobacco control policies, the treaty explicitly encourages countries to go above and beyond these measures. Strong action on the part of countries will give them the opportunity to reduce the human suffering caused by tobacco and curb runaway costs of tobacco-related health care.

Now that the FCTC will enter into force, it is crucial that governments maintain the momentum and implement efficient and life saving tobacco control legislation. Weak interpretation and poor implementation of the FCTC’s provisions will not promote public health or save lives. Countries should aim for tight, maximum protection for the public rather than settle for the bare minimum.


La Convention Cadre pour la Lutte Antitabac de l’OMS, le premier traité international de santé au monde, entre en vigueur le 27 février 2005.

L’Alliance Contre le Tabac  félicite la France d’avoir ratifié ce traité pour lutter contre la première cause de mortalité évitable : le tabac. 

Le traité, signé par 168 pays, devient applicable le 27 février aux 2,3 milliards d’habitants des 57 pays qui l’ont ratifié, dont la France. La CCLAT représente un outil nécessaire pour la mise en œuvre d’une législation efficace pour le contrôle du tabac et pour atténuer les méfaits d’une puissante industrie du tabac à l’origine de la pire épidémie de l’histoire de l’humanité : 5 millions de décès chaque année dans le monde dont 66000 fumeurs français auxquels il faut ajouter 3000 non-fumeurs victimes de tabagisme passif.

Ce traité comprend de nombreuses mesures dont l’interdiction totale de toute forme de publicité directe et indirecte pour le tabac et les avertissements sanitaires recouvrant au moins 30% des surfaces principales des paquets de cigarettes, mesures déjà en place en France et qui trouvent ici la confirmation internationale de leur utilité. Ce traité fournit aussi aux pays des indications claires concernant la taxation, la réglementation des produits du tabac et les mesures pour combattre la contrebande de cigarettes. Il comporte l’obligation de protéger les non-fumeurs et la situation française est en ce domaine des plus mauvaises malgré la loi Evin publiée il y a 14 ans, non seulement mal appliquée mais aujourd’hui dépassée.

En tant que citoyens français, nous sommes heureux et fiers que notre pays ait été le premier dans l’Union européenne, à ratifier ce traité important, le premier concernant la santé publique. Nous sommes prêts à travailler avec notre gouvernement pour l’appliquer pleinement.

La CCLAT devenant une loi internationale est un événement historique. Ce traité s’impose légalement et crée un précédent mondial pour une coopération dans le domaine de la santé en général et contre le tabac en particulier.

Une politique de lutte contre le tabac fondée sur la dynamique du Plan cancer et des recommandations internationales accompagnées de mesures réglementaires et fiscales a permis d’obtenir des résultats très encourageants depuis 2003. Le pourcentage de fumeurs a chuté de 34,5%[2] en 1999 à 27,8%[3] en octobre 2004 chez les 15 ans et plus. Une baisse de 25% du volume de ventes de cigarettes est encore observée sur les 9 premiers mois de l’année 2004. Il faut cependant rester vigilant car l’évolution du tabagisme chez les femmes et chez les jeunes fait craindre en France une catastrophe sanitaire en terme de mortalité par cancer du poumon.

La France doit donc renforcer les mesures de contrôle du tabac, reprendre une pression sur les prix du tabac et surtout protéger complètement les non-fumeurs de la fumée des autres.

Nous félicitons les gouvernements - dont celui de la France - qui ont ratifié la CCLAT, démontrant ainsi leur engagement envers la santépublique.

Alliance Française Contre le Tabac

Pr Gérard Dubois

Pr Bertrand Dautzenberg

Pr Albert Hirsch

M. Gérard Audureau
Secrétaire Général

Contacts :
Pr Gérard Dubois,
Président de l’Alliance contre le tabac
Mobile : 06 86 46 93 79

Yana Dimitrova
Tél. : 01 43 37 91 51

[1] L’Alliance contre le tabac réunit plus de trente associations concernées par la lutte contre le tabac.

[2] Baromètre Santé 2000 – INPES

[3] Sondage Alliance Contre le Tabac- TNS Sofres, octobre 2004


El Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco entra en vigor: La Fundación InterAmericana del Corazón exhorta a los países que no ratificaron a hacerlo en breve

Montevideo, Uruguay, 25 de febrero de 2005.  El 27 de febrero, el Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco (CMCT), el tratado internacional del tabaco, auspiciado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, se convertirá en una Ley Internacional. La Fundación InterAmericana del Corazón (FIC), integrante de la Alianza para el Convenio Marco (Framework Convention Alliance), felicita a los 57 países que ya lo han ratificado, y en especial a México, Panamá, Trinidad y Tobago, Uruguay, Canadá , Perú y Honduras, por haber dado un gran paso adelante en la lucha mundial de la salud pública contra la epidemia de tabaquismo.

El Dr. Trevor Hassell, Presidente de la Fundación InterAmericana del Corazón, exhorta a los países que han culminado el proceso de aprobación parlamentaria de la ratificación del CMCT, como Venezuela y Bolivia, a depositar a la brevedad dicho documento en la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU).  También insta al resto de los países de las Américas a acelerar el proceso de ratificación. “Este tratado es una herramienta principal para mejorar la salud de nuestras poblaciones,” dijo el Dr. Hassell.

Este convenio pionero proporciona a los países, que son Partes del mismo, las herramientas básicas para que protejan a sus ciudadanos contra la epidemia de tabaquismo. Pero también implica comprometerse a adoptar políticas y desarrollar legislación efectiva para el control del tabaco, que incluyan estrategias que disminuyan el consumo del tabaco y salven vidas. Ejemplos de legislación efectiva incluyen: la prohibición total de toda forma de publicidad, patrocinio y promoción de los productos del tabaco; colocación de grandes advertencias sanitarias en el empaquetado y etiquetado de los paquetes de cigarrillos; la protección de las personas de la exposición al humo de tabaco; el aumento de los impuestos de los productos del tabaco; y medidas para combatir el contrabando de cigarrillos. Las medidas contenidas en este Convenio tienen una sólida base científica y tienen como único objetivo el proteger  la salud pública.

La entrada en vigor del CMCT marca un momento histórico para Salud Pública y señala que ha llegado el momento de la reglamentación e implementación de las disposiciones contenidas en este Convenio, las que son vitales para proteger a los ciudadanos de las Américas  contra el impacto de las devastadoras consecuencias del tabaco en la salud y la economía.

La Organización Mundial de la Salud estima que en todo el mundo aproximadamente cinco millones de personas mueren cada año debido al uso del tabaco. Si la tendencia actual continúa, se proyecta que para el 2030, serán 10 millones por año y el 70% de estas muertes ocurrirán en los países en vía de desarrollo. En las Américas, más de 1 millón de personas mueren cada año a causa del tabaco, mientras millones padecen de enfermedades crónicas producidas por el tabaquismo.

El CMCT, al mismo tiempo que contiene las medidas básicas, necesarias, para enfrentar el problema del tabaco, alienta explícitamente a los países a que apliquen medidas que vayan más allá de las estipuladas. Cuanto más enérgica sea la acción por parte de los países, mayor será la reducción de la carga en costo de los cuidados de salud, así como del inmensurable dolor y sufrimiento humano que causa la adicción al tabaco en las sociedades.


Dr. Eduardo Bianco

Director del Programa de Control del Tabaco
Fundación InterAmericana del Corazón
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dr. Joaquín Barnoya
Asesor de Control del Tabaco
Fundación InterAmericana del Corazón
e-mail:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


World's First Global Public Health Treaty Set to Take Effect - begins a new era of international tobacco control

Enactment signals a new era of international tobacco control American Cancer Society Urges U.S. Ratification

WASHINGTON  - After years of negotiation, the international tobacco control community is set to celebrate a significant victory in the campaign to reduce the global health burden of tobacco-related diseases as the first modern-day global public health treaty takes effect this Sunday, February 27th among the nations that have ratified it. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) remains the first treaty ever negotiated under the authority of the World Health Organization. The FCTC sets minimum standards for tobacco control policies and encourages member nations to adopt stronger laws.

The FCTC was unanimously adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2003 and has since proven to be one of the most rapidly embraced treaties in United Nations history with 168 nations signing on and 57 countries ratifying it.

"Sunday marks the dawn of a new era in global tobacco control," said John R. Seffrin, PhD, chief executive officer, American Cancer Society and president, International Union Against Cancer. "The FCTC stands as testimony to the commitment of the World Health Organization, governments and civil society to reverse the course of this global pandemic."

While the rest of the world moves forward with the FCTC, it is unclear whether the United States will take part. The United States signed the treaty in 2004, indicating its general support, but the Administration has not taken the next step of forwarding the FCTC to the United States Senate for consideration. A two-thirds majority approval by the Senate is required for the U.S. to ratify the treaty and become a voting member of the FCTC?s international governing body.

"It would be a tragedy for the United States not to join the FCTC. Our nation should be leading on this issue, not watching from the sidelines. We should ratify the convention, implement it, and help low-income nations do the same," said Stephen F. Sener, MD, national volunteer president, American Cancer Society. The American Cancer Society is a strong supporter of the FCTC and encourages swift U.S. ratification.

The FCTC is especially critical to low-income nations, which multinational tobacco companies have targeted as their most important growth markets. It gives these nations powerful new tools to protect the health of their citizens from the tobacco industry?s deceptive advertising and lobbying. The treaty requires ratifying nations to eliminate all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, with a narrow exception for nations such as the United States, whose constitutions may not allow a total ban. It also requires warning labels to occupy at least 30 percent of the front and back of every pack of cigarettes sold; commits nations to protect nonsmokers from secondhand tobacco smoke in indoor workplaces; urges strict regulation of tobacco product contents; and calls for higher tobacco taxes, global coordination to fight tobacco smuggling, and promotion of tobacco prevention, cessation and research programs internationally.

Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable death, claiming the lives of an estimated 4.9 million people each year -- more than HIV/AIDS and malaria combined. This global death toll is expected to rise sharply to 10 million deaths a year by 2020, due to the rapid growth in smoking rates in low-income nations. The WHO estimates that more than 500 million people alive today, including 250 million children, will die premature deaths because of tobacco use. In the United States, about 440,000 people die each year from tobacco-related illnesses, and nearly one-third of all cancer deaths are attributable to tobacco use.

The American Cancer Society is dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by saving lives, diminishing suffering and preventing cancer through research, education, advocacy, and service. Founded in 1913 and with national headquarters in Atlanta, the Society has 14 regional Divisions and local offices in 3,400 communities, involving millions of volunteers across the United States. For more information, call 1-800-ACS-2345 or visit

Colleen Wilber
American Cancer Society
Phone: 202-661-5772
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Notes to editors:

ACS can facilitate media contact with U.S. and international FCTC experts. A list of countries that have ratified the FCTC can be found at

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control goes into force

Health Minister Ujjal Dosanjh today recognized the coming into force of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the world's first modern-day public health treaty, by confirming that Canada will continue to play a leadership role in its implementation.

"I take great pride in saying that Canada's strong legislation and regulations are internationally recognized and respected, and in fact, have inspired many of the Articles of the Convention," said Minister Dosanjh. "We will continue with this tradition by advancing efforts globally to implement and manage the Convention."

The FCTC, which comes into force February 27, is designed to protect present and future generations from the health, social, environmental and economic consequences of consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke by strengthening tobacco control initiatives around the world.

On November 26, 2004, Canada ratified the Convention. Canada is proud to have been among the first 40 ratifications necessary to bring the Convention into force.

The FCTC is consistent with and advances Canada's domestic efforts, which are guided by the Federal Tobacco Control Strategy (FTCS). The Strategy includes a combination of tobacco control efforts in protection, prevention and cessation and harm reduction initiatives, including mass media campaign support for the Strategy's objectives.

Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable illness, disability, and premature death. Globally, 4.9 million people die each year from tobacco-related illnesses, including 45,000 Canadians.

Egalement disponible en français

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is a World Health Organization led international public health treaty. The objective of the Convention is to protect present and future generations from the health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke, through an international framework of collective measures for tobacco control.

The Convention was adopted by the World Health Assembly on May 21, 2003 and was opened for signature on June 16, 2003. Canada signed the Convention on July 15, 2003. States who sign and ratify the Convention will be expected to implement comprehensive tobacco control strategies and programs, including carrying out commitments and obligations in such areas as tobacco advertising, sponsorship and promotion, health warnings on tobacco packaging, illicit trade, product regulation and prevention and cessation programs.

Canada ratified the Convention on November 26, 2004. Canada is proud to have been among the first 40 ratifications necessary to bring the Convention into force. Canada, along with other countries that have ratified the treaty will become part of the Conference of Parties (COP), the body that will govern the FCTC. The Convention comes into force on February 27, 2005.

Highlights of the FCTC include:

  • a requirement to place warnings covering at least 30% , and ideally 50% of the principle display areas on tobacco packaging;
  • a comprehensive ban or restrictions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship;
  • protection from exposure to tobacco smoke in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and other public places as appropriate;
  • a recognition that tax and price measures are an effective means of reducing consumption;
  • provisions on education, awareness-raising, cessation, and treatment programs; and a series of measures to prevent and combat the illicit trade in tobacco products.

Canada's role

Canada continues to be a leading supporter of the initiative and was one of more than 150 member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) that participated in the 3 years of negotiations to develop the FCTC. The Canadian delegation for these meetings was led by Health Canada and Foreign Affairs and included representatives from the following departments: Justice, the Solicitor General, Finance, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, as well as the provincial and territorial governments and non-governmental organizations.

Canada's international tobacco control efforts continue to be directed to supporting and strengthening the tobacco control activities of developing countries and the work of international organizations, including the WHO and the Pan American Health Organization.

Relevant Links

Status of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Background on the FCTC

Need more information? For more information, please visit Health Canada's Tobacco Control Website

For further information:
Media Inquiries: Paul Duchesne, Health Canada, (613) 954-4807;
Adèle Blanchard, Office of the Minister of Health, (613) 957-0200;
Public Inquiries: (613) 957-2991;

OTTAWA, Feb. 25 /CNW Telbec/


Philip Morris Indonesian deal “a blow to regional health”

Kretek cigarette move thumbs nose at world tobacco treaty

A move by tobacco giant Philip Morris to take over an Indonesian company will be a major threat to public health in Southeast Asia, say regional health leaders.

The AUD$6.6b bid by Philip Morris' Altria Group for Sampoerna will be a major step in Altria's ambition to be the market leader in heavily-smoking Indonesia, giving it a significant foothold in the production of clove or “kretek” cigarettes which constitute more than 90% of the country's cigarette production.

Indonesia is also a major exporter to China, and Altria says it sees potential to increase exports elsewhere.

Says Mary Assunta of the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance:
”This move is of very serious concern, since Indonesia is the only Southeast Asian country not to have signed the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control – so it can ignore the tobacco control measures being put in place by its regional neighbours. “So Philip Morris is apparently trying to get around the treaty in this case by targeting a country which has not signed it. “Kretek cigarettes are becoming popular with Indonesia's neighbours - such as Malaysia, which has a large Indonesian migrant labour force. A takeover of Sampoerna will give Philip Morris an even bigger and better share of Asia's kretek market, especially when combined with the aggressive marketing of a powerful transnational company.” Adds Anne Jones of Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) Australia: “This is a strange move from a company which has been energetically promoting itself as ‘socially responsible'. It would appear to make nonsense of the company's claim that it does not want more people to smoke, and that it is not targeting the world's poorest communities. Indonesia has a high smoking rate and widespread poverty. “Governments should not be deceived by this company's claims of social responsibility when its actions continue to show it as a major threat to the lives of Southeast Asia's people.”

Comment:                     Mary Assunta, SE Asia Tobacco Control Alliance    ph. (02) 9351-7800

Anne Jones, CEO, ASH Australia   ph. (02) 9334-1876   m. 0417-227-879

Media inquiries:             Stafford Sanders    ph. (02) 9334-1823    m. 0412-070-194      

ASH website:


Especialistas no controle do tabagismo se reúnem para fórum internacional em Brasília


Convenção Quadro e lobby da indústria do tabaco são principais temas do evento

Las naciones de la Región de las Américas colaboran para salvar vidas y reducir las pérdidas económi


MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY Representantes de 35 países se reunirán en Montevideo, Uruguay, el 5 de diciembre de 2007 para trabajar en la adquisición de conocimientos y el intercambio de ideas sobre el comercio ilícito del tabaco  un delito mundial que contribuye a mayores niveles de enfermedades y muertes relacionadas con el tabaco, ayuda a financiar a los grupos criminales y terroristas y roba a los gobiernos miles de millones de dólares en ingresos.  

Le Commerce Illicite des Produits du Tabac Comment la coopération internationale peut sauver des vies et des milliards de dollars

Le tabac tue plus de personnes que le SIDA, autres drogues légales et illégales,  les accidents de la route,  les meurtres et les suicides réunis[1]. Actuellement environ  cinq millions de cancer, les maladies cardiaques et respiratoires[2]. En comparaison, le VIH/SIDA est responsable de trois millions de décès chaque année[3].    

Le taux de mortalité lié au tabac est en hausse : lici 2025, le chiffre annuel de décès dus au tabagisme va presque doubler[4]. D’environ dix milliones de décès par an, d’ici 2030, il est estimé que trois millions auront lieu dans les pays développés et sept millions dans les pays en voie de développement[5].    

Faire augmenter le prix des produits du tabac à travers la taxation est une méthode prouvée et efficace pour réduire la consommation du tabac.  Une augmentation de 10% sur un paquet de cigarette à revenu élevé dans les pays à revenu moyen et bas[6].   

Le commerce illicite des produits du tabac contaccroissement mondial de la consommation des produits du tabac en rendant les cigarettes moins chères et plus accessibles, sapant particulièrement les   le tabagisme chez les  jeunes.  Le commerce illicite diminue donc  considérablement s politiques de hausse de taxe, et mène à s moyens efficace de contrôle du tabac, dont interdiction de vente aux mineurs et exigence de mises en garde sanitaires.  le commerce illicite des produits du tabac constitue aussi une transgression de  Les preuves montrent que le commerce illicite des produits du tabac est effectué par des réseaux criminels transnationaux, rapporté est utilisé , y compris les activités terrorists[7].   

En 2006, le marché global de la cigarette de contrebande a été estimé à 11% des ventes totales, soit 600 milliards de cigarettes. Les pertes de revenus causées par le marché illégal de la cigarette représenterait $US 40 à 50 milliards par an aux gouvernements[8].  

 Une baisse importante du commerce illicite de produits du tabac engendrerait des milliards de dollars supplémentaires en terme de revenus aux gouvernements, et contribuerait de façon considérable à  et visant à réduire la consommation de tabac et les décès et  maladies qu’elle entraine.

 Le commerce illicite de produits du tabac est un problème transnational, constitué principalement de la contrebande à grande échelle, y compris le transport, la distribution et la vente illégale de cigarettes en grande quantité  et autres produits de tabac[9].   Ainsi, une réduction  importante  du commerce illicite exigen système  de coopération  internationale solide destiné à aborder le commerce illicite de manière efficace et ce, dans les meilleurs délais. Constatant la nécessité système, les Parties à la Convention-c pour la lutte antitabac [10] ont décidé dentamer les négociations sur un protocole sur le commerce illicite des produits du tabac pour compléter les provisions de la Convention.  

Un protocole efficace contribuerait à  élimination du commerce illicite de produits du tabac en incluant des mesures telles que :

  • le suivi et traçabilité aidera à déterminer le moment auquel un produit a pénétré la chaîne d'approvisionnement illicite ;
  • obligations aux fabricants de produits du tabac de contrôler la chaîne d'approvisionnement de leurs produits, avec des pénalités sévères pour ceux qui ne respectent pas ces obligations, y  aux taxes non-payées et frais de douane sur les marchandises saisies;
  • l’octroi de licences et autres dispositions pour surveiller et contrôler les activités des participants de la chaîne d'approvisionnement du tabac et des chaînes de distribution;
  • et le renforcement des mesures pour faire respecter la loi et de coopération internationale, incluant  des délits, des mesures internationales contre le commerce  illicite de produits du tabac  manufacturés légalement ainsi que contrefaits.  [11]


Les négociations du protocole commenceront en début de février 2008 à Genève, et devraient être conclus  à temps  pour  son adoption à la quatrième session de la Conférence des Parties de la Convention-cade de l’OMS sur la lutte antitabac 2009 or 2010 

Pour plus de renseignements, y compris les « briefings » et documents information :

Download the media release:  Le Commerce Illicite des Produits du Tabac Comment la coopération internationale peut sauver des vies et des milliards de dollars [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 144.5 KB]

1   Consulter Action on Smoking and Health  (ASH UK),  Tobacco: Global trends  (rapport de recherche,  août  2007) 2,

2  Organisation Mondiale de la Santé, Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook (2004) 6

3 Consulter le rapport de recherche de ASH: «Tobacco: Global trends »

4  Organisation Mondiale de la Santé « Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook » (2004) 6

5 A.S.M Abdullah and C.G Huston, « Promotion of smoking cessation in developing countries: a framework for urgent public health interventions » (2004) 59 Thorax 623-630, 

6  La Banque Mondiale: Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control (1999) 41,

7  Voir: U.S. General Accounting Office,  Terrorist Financing:  U.S. Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists' Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms,  Report to Congressional Requesters GAO-04-163  (novembre  2003) 11-12,; Center for Public Integrity, Tobacco Companies Linked to Criminal Organizations in Lucrative Cigarette Smuggling (March 2001), 

8  Alliance pour la Convention-cadre: ? (Genève 2007),

9  La Banque Mondiale:  Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control (1999) 63-65,

10   (Adopté le 16 juin 2003 et entré en vigueur le 27 février 2005)

11 Deuxième session de la Conférence  : Décision FCTC/COP2(12), Elaboration sur le commerce illicite des produits de tabac




El comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco - Cómo la cooperación internacional puede salvar vidas y milliones de dollares

Download the media release: El comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco - Cómo la cooperación internacional puede salvar vidas y milliones de dollares  [Adobe Acrobat PDF - 96 KB]

Ginebra, 5 noviembre 2007 - El tabaquismo mata más gente que el SIDA, que otras drogas legales o prohibidas, que accidentes automovilísticos, asesinatos y suicidios combinados[1].  En este momento, se calcula que en el mundo, anualmente morirán unos cinco millones de personas por causas relacionadas con el tabaco, incluidas el cáncer y, enfermedades cardiacas y respiratorias[2]. En comparación, cada año mueren tres millones de personas a causa del VIH/SIDA[3].

La carga mortal se incrementa: en efecto, la Organización Mundial de la Salud proyecta que para el año 2025 el número anual de defunciones a causa del tabaquismo casi se duplicará.  [4]  De las aproximadamente 10 millones de defunciones anuales, para el año 2030, se estima que tres millones ocurrirán en el mundo desarrollado y siete millones en los países en desarrollo[5]. 

Incrementar el precio de los productos de tabaco mediante carga fiscal ha probado ser una medida efectiva para reducir el consumo de tabaco. Es muy probable que un incremento de 10% en el precio de la cajetilla de cigarrillos reduzca cerca de 4% el consumo de tabaco en los países de ingresos altos y cerca de 8% en los países de ingresos bajos[6]. 

El comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco contribuye a su consumo, pues los precios de los cigarrillos disminuyen drásticamente, minando así los esfuerzos que buscan reducir el tabaquismo, particularmente entre la gente joven. De este modo, el comercio ilícito reduce significativamente la efectividad de las políticas de carga fiscal para los productos de tabaco y lleva al incumplimiento de otras medidas de control efectivo del tabaco, incluidas la prohibición de vender cigarrillos a menores de edad y colocar etiquetas de advertencia sanitaria en las cajetillas.

Además de ser un problema de salud mayor, el comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco representa una amenaza significativa para la seguridad y el orden, pues hay evidencia que en el comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco participan grupos criminales internacionales organizados y que dinero proveniente de dicho comercio se utiliza en empresas criminales serias, incluidas operaciones terroristas[7]. 

Se estima que en 2006 el comercio ilícito mundial de productos de tabaco significó 11% del total de ventas o el equivalente a 600 mil millones de cigarrillos, y que la pérdida de ingresos públicos por evasión fiscal debida al comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco fue, aproximadamente, de entre 40-50 mil millones de dólares estadounidenses[8]. 

La reducción significativa del comercio ilícito equivaldría a miles de millones de dólares adicionales por ingresos públicos fiscales, que contribuirían significativamente a la aplicación efectiva de medidas para reducir el consumo de tabaco, lo mismo que la muerte y enfermedad que ocasiona.

Debido a que el comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco es un problema trasnacional, fundamentalmente organizado como contrabando a gran escala que implica transporte, distribución y venta ilegales de grandes cargamentos de cigarrillos y otros productos de tabaco[9],  una reducción significativa de este comercio ilícito requerirá la aplicación de un sistema de cooperación internacional integral. Reconociendo la necesidad de un sistema como éste, las Partes al Convenio Marco de la OMS para el Control del Tabaco[10]  acordaron iniciar negociaciones para un protocolo sobre comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco que sea complemento a las disposiciones del Convenio[11]. 

Un protocolo eficaz puede contribuir a eliminar el comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco a través de medidas como las siguientes:

  • seguimiento y localización de los productos de tabaco, que permitirán identificar el punto donde se desvían del mercado legal al mercado ilícito;  
  • obligación de parte de los fabricantes de productos de tabaco para que controlen la cadena de suministro de sus productos, imponiendo penalizaciones serias a quienes no cumplan, incluida la responsabilidad por los impuestos que no pagados y otras obligaciones sobre productos decomisados;  
  • expedición de licencias y otros arreglos para supervisar y controlar el comportamiento de los agentes que participan en la cadena de suministro y distribución tabacalera;  
  • mejorar el cumplimiento de la ley y las medidas de cooperación internacionales, incluidas el intercambio de información, cooperación en relación con investigaciones y persecución judicial de delitos, asistencia legal mutual y arreglos de extradición, todo lo cual incrementará la eficacia de las medidas internacionales contra el comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco fabricados genuinamente y falsificados.

Las negociaciones del protocolo iniciarán en febrero de 2008 en Ginebra, y deberán concluir en tiempo para que el protocolo sea adoptado en el cuarto periodo de sesiones ordinarias de la

Conferencia de las Partes al Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco en 2009 ó 2010.

Para mayor información incluyendo documentos informativos sobre políticas visite


[1] Action on Smoking and Health (ASH UK), Tobacco: Global trends (Informe de investigación, agosto, 2007) 2,

[2] Organización Mundial de la Salud, Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook (2004) 6,

[3] Informe de investigación, ASH. Tobacco: Global Trends

[4] Organización Mundial de la Salud, Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook (2004) 6.

[5] A.S.M Abdullah y C.G Huston, Promotion of smoking cessation in developing countries: a framework for urgent public health interventions (2004) 59 Thorax 623-630,  

[6] Banco Mundial, Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control (1999) 41,

[7] Véase por ejemplo, U.S. General Accounting Office, Terrorist Financing:  U.S. Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists' Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms, Informe al Congreso a solicitud del Congreso GAO-04-163 (noviembre, 2003), pp. 11-12,; Center for Public Integrity, Tobacco Companies  

Linked to Criminal Organizations in Lucrative Cigarette Smuggling  (marzo, 2001), 

[8] Framework Convention Alliance, (Ginebra, 2007),

[9] Banco Mundial, Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control (1999), pp. 63-65,

[10] Adoptado el 16 de junio de 2003; entró en vigor el 27 de febrero de 2005.

[11] Conferencia de las Partes al Convenio Marco de la OMS para el Control del Tabaco, Segundo Periodo Ordinario de