The Framework Convention Alliance for Tobacco Control

Latin America progresses in fight against tobacco

Articles 8 and 11

During the last few years great progress has been made in the fight against tobacco in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to a shadow report released by the InterAmerican Heart Foundation.

According to the report, since October 2010 the most significant achievements in the region have been the implementation of Article 11 (packaging and labelling of tobacco products) and Article 8 (protection against tobacco smoke).

This report is the first document developed by civil society about the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) of the World Health Organization (WHO) in countries from Latin America and the Caribbean.

The report aims to provide a regional overview of the progress achieved and the obstacles encountered in the ratifying countries regarding FCTC implementation.

Some findings from the report are:

•    Twelve countries have already introduced health warnings with pictograms: Brazil (2001), Venezuela (2004), Uruguay (2005), Chile (2006), Mexico (2008), Panama (2008), Peru (2008), Colombia (2009), Bolivia (2009), Honduras (2010), Paraguay (2010) and Nicaragua (2010).
•    Nine countries have passed national 100% smoke-free laws or decrees: Uruguay (2006), Panama (2008), Guatemala (2009), Colombia (2009), Peru (2010), Trinidad & Tobago (2010), Honduras (2010), Paraguay (2010) and Barbados (2010) and three countries have introduced similar legislation at the sub-national level: Mexico, Brazil, and Venezuela.
•    Article 13 (complete ban of advertising, promotion, and sponsorship of tobacco products) has been implemented in two countries.
•    Panama (2008) and Colombia (2009) and 6 other 6 countries have passed legislation including a comprehensive ban that only excludes points of sale or Internet: Brazil (2003), Venezuela (2005), Chile (2007), Uruguay (2008), Trinidad & Tobago (2009) and Honduras (2010).

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