People have died from tobacco-related diseases since the opening of the first FCTC working group on 28 October 1999.
The handbook, Effectiveness of Tax and Price Policies for Tobacco Control, is now available online.
Published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the guide “presents an evidence based evaluation of the literature published to May 2010 on the effectiveness of tax and price policies in reducing the prevalence and consumption of tobacco use”.
First published in 2011, the guide discusses numerous topics on tobacco tax and price including:
- tobacco use among young people, and the poor;
- tax avoidance and tax evasion;
- the health and economic impact of tobacco taxation.
The volume also covers the impact of cross border shopping, smuggling and the tobacco industry’s use of discount prices and other strategies to reduce the effectiveness of taxes. It was authored by a working group of experts from 12 countries.
Among its recommendations, the handbook advises governments to: “adopt relatively simple tobacco excise tax structures that emphasize specific taxes and that include regular tax increases that outpace growth in general price levels and incomes”.
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