People have died from tobacco-related diseases since the opening of the first FCTC working group on 28 October 1999.
The illicit trade in tobacco products is a major international problem that requires an international solution – to reduce tobacco use and save lives, combat organized crime and recoup $US billions in lost government revenue. This fact sheet sets out how international cooperation can save lives and billions of dollars.
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Many industries face a growing trend: new requirements to identify a consumer product in trade, to verify its authenticity and to trace it. The tobacco sector has joined these industries.
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, a World Health Organization treaty, identifies elimination of illicit trade in tobacco products as a key element of global tobacco control. The treaty requires in Article 15.2(b) that Parties should "consider, as appropriate, developing a practical tracking and tracing regime that would further secure the distribution system and assist in the investigation of illicit trade." Negotiations have begun on a supplementary treaty, or protocol, for combating illicit tobacco trade.
This paper clarifies the concepts, to describe the current use of technology to combat illicit tobacco trade and to identify merits and limitations of these practices. It describes the use of codes and markings on tobacco packaging and tax stamps to allow a better monitoring of the tobacco trade. It also gives an overview of coding technologies that are used, or are in development, in the tobacco industry and other sectors.
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Find out what all the jargon (key and treaty terms) means when it comes to illicit trade.
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On this page you will find key terms with explanations relevant to the area of illicit trade. The fact sheet is available for download from the link at the bottom of the page.
Fact Sheet About the EU Agreements with Tobacco Manufacturers to Control the Illicit Trade in Cigarettes
The EU has signed Agreements with two tobacco manufacturers on illicit trade in cigarettes, covering both smuggled and counterfeit cigarettes, firstly in 2004 with Philip Morris International (PMI), and secondly at the end of 2007 with Japan Tobacco International (JTI).
This fact sheet was drafted by The Framework Convention Alliance to answer queries raised about the status and content of these Agreements. The answers are derived from an analysis of the content of the detailed Agreements which can be found on the web.
Article 5.3: Protection of tobacco control policy from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry
Price and Tax
Article 6: Price and tax measures to reduce the demand for tobacco
Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship
Article 13: Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
Article 15: Illicit trade in tobacco products
Packaging and Labelling
Article 11: Packaging and labelling of tobacco products
Alternative Livelihoods and Environments
Article 17 & 18: Provision of support for economically viable alternative activities and protection of the environment and the health of persons in respect of tobacco cultivation and manufacture
- Implementation Monitoring