People have died from tobacco-related diseases since the opening of the first FCTC working group on 28 October 1999.
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the world’s first modern-day global public health treaty, adopted unanimously by the World Health Assembly in May 2003. By 20 August 2010, there were 171 Parties to the FCTC – the latest being Afghanistan and Côte d’Ivoire – which represented 87.3% of the world’s population.
Parties to the FCTC have a legally binding obligation under international law to enact and implement laws, policies and programmes to reduce the demand for tobacco products and protect their citizens from exposure to tobacco smoke, on the one hand, and to control the supply of tobacco products, on the other. What makes such a binding global instrument possible is the irrefutable scientific evidence that tobacco causes a range of serious health problems and is responsible each year for millions of deaths, mainly from cancer, cardio-vascular and respiratory disease.
The FCTC was developed in response to the globalisation of the tobacco epidemic, following in the wake of transnational tobacco advertising, marketing and sales driven by powerful multinational corporations. The treaty is based on the premise that the only meaningful public health response is one that is well coordinated, and that rests on global implementation of effective tobacco control laws, policies and programmes.
Download the full FCTC media briefing in:
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