A guide to domestic implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
In 2003, member countries of the World Health Organization unanimously endorsed the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the product of four years of inter-governmental negotiations.
The FCTC provides Parties with a considerable degree of leeway in implementing measures beyond those described in the treaty.
In addition, Parties have a fundamental legal obligation to interpret and implement the Convention in good faith. The obligation of good faith in the observance of international agreements is universally recognised and is included in Article 26 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
Therefore the FCTC sets a floor, not a ceiling, for national and international tobacco control efforts. Parties to the FCTC have the flexibility now and in the future to adopt stronger tobacco control measures than those called for in the FCTC. Best practices for tobacco control measures will naturally evolve over time as the tobacco control community’s knowledge deepens and new evidence-based tobacco control measures are developed.