World Health Assembly: Prevention and control of NCDs
This report, dated 20 April 2012, discusses the Outcomes of the High-level Meeting of the UN General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (19-20 September 2011) and the First Global Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Non-communicable Disease Control (28-29 April 2011).
It outlines the process used following the High-level Meeting to develop a comprehensive global monitoring framework for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including a set of indicators and voluntary global targets for prevention and control of these diseases.
The report explains that the indicators and global targets were selected on the basis of the following criteria.
They had to:
- be of significant epidemiological and public health relevance;
- maintain coherence with major global and regional strategies;
- offer evidence-based, effective and feasible public health interventions;
- provide evidence of achievability at the country level, including in low- and middle- income countries; and
- offer data collection instruments and the potential for a baseline to be established and changes monitored over time.
According to the report, “The global targets have been limited to a small number. They will provide a foundation for global monitoring needs, with a special emphasis on ensuring feasibility of application across regional and country settings. The mortality target is highly dependent on the extent to which the four risk- factor targets will be met along with progress on other key indicators for non-communicable diseases”.
“The global targets were established following a scientific review of the current situation and trends, and a critical assessment of feasibility. Where possible, the performance of the top 10% of countries over at least the last 10 years was used to set a target. The baseline year for monitoring progress is 2010 and the target year is 2025. The global targets are presented in terms of relative reduction between 2010 and 2025.”